People with diabetes have blood sugar levels above normal because their bodies have problems turning food into energy. In the body, food is turned into a sugar called glucose. Blood carries glucose to the cells. Cells use the hormone insulin, made in the pancreas, to help them turn the glucose into energy. High blood glucose can cause health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, nerve problems, gum infections, and amputations.
What are the types of diabetes?
The three main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes is first noticed in children, teens, or young adults. In this form of diabetes, the cells of the pancreas no longer make insulin, so insulin shots are needed.
- Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, and people can have it at any age. The pancreas cannot make enough insulin for the body’s needs, so blood sugar rises, and the cells do not get energy.
- Gestational diabetes occurs in some women during pregnancy. Most of the time it goes away after the baby is born, but the mother is more likely to have type 2 diabetes later in life.
This website primarily addresses type 2 diabetes.
You can lower your chances of getting diabetes. If you are overweight, have high blood pressure, or high cholesterol, you need to make some health changes.
You can do three things to lower your risk for diabetes:
- Be active and exercise
- Eat a healthy diet
- Maintain a healthy weight
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